Home / Minna no Nihongo / Minna No Nihongo Lesson 8 Grammar – Part 1

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 8 Grammar – Part 1

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 8 Grammar – Part 1


Grammar part 1 (な and い Adjectives)

1. Adjectives
Adjectives are used as 1) predicates and 2) noun modifiers. They inflect and are divided into two groups, い-adjectives and な-adjectives, according to the inflection.

2. N は な-adj [な]です/ N は い-adj (…い) です
ですat the end of an adjective sentence shows the speaker’s polite attitude toward the listener. A い-adjective with い at the en­­d comes before です whereas a な -adjective without [な] comes before です.

ワット先生は しんせつ(親切) です。
Watto sensei wa shinsetsu desu.
Mr.Watt is kind.

ふじさん(富士山) は たかいです。
Fujisan wa takai desu.
Mr.Fuji is high.

(*In japan mount fuji is called fuji san)
ですis used when a sentence is non-past and affirmative.

* な-adj [な] じゃありません
The negative form of な –adj [な] です is な-adj [な] じゃありません. or (な-adj [な] ではありません)
あそこ は しずかかじゃ (では)ありません。
Asoko wa shizuka ja arimasen.
Asoko wa shizuka dewa arimasen.
It’s not quiet there.

* い-adj (….い) です-> …くないです
To make the negative form of a い -adjective, い at the end of the い-adjective is alerted to くない.

Kono hon wa omoshirokunai
This book is not interesting.

The negative for いいですis よくないです. (not いくない)
Questions using adjective sentences are made in the same way as those using noun or verb sentence. In answering a question, you repeat the adjective used in the question. そうです or そうじゃありません cannot be used.

ペキンは さむいです
Pekin wa samui desu ka?
Is it cold in Bejing?

…hai, samui desu.
… Yes, it is.

琵琶湖 の 水は きれいですか。
Biwako no mizu wa kirei desu ka?
Is the water of Lake Biwa clean?

…iie kirei jaarimasen.
… No, it isn’t.

3. な-adjな N / い-adj (…い) N
An adjective is put before a noun to modify it. A な -adjective needs なbefore a noun.

ワットせんせい は しんせつ な せんせいです。
Watto sensei wa shisetsu na sensei desu.
Mr.Watt is a kind teacher.

ふじさん は たかい やま です
Fujisan wa takai yama desu.
Mr.Fuji is a high mountain.