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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 5 Grammar – Part 2

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 5 Grammar – Part 2

Grammar (part 2)

4. Particle と = with ~ (person/animal)
We all know that と is to connect two nouns meaning “and” but this one is the other usage of particle とmeaning “with~”

これ は りんご と たまごです
kore wa ringo to tamago desu.
This is apple and egg.

N (person/animal) と V
When you do something with a person (or an animal), the person (or an animal) is marked with the particle と.

家族(かぞく) と 日本へ 行きました。
kazoku to nihon e ikimashita
I came to Japan with my family.

If you do something alone, the expression ひとりで is used, と is not used.

一人 (ひとり)で 東京(とうきょう) へ 行きます。
hitori de toukyou e ikimasu.
I’ll go to Tokyo alone.

5. いつ
To ask about time, the interrogatives using なん such as なんじ, なんようび, なんがつ, なんにち are used. Other than these, the interrogative いつ (when) is also used to ask when something will happen/happened. いつ does not take the particle に.

いつ 日本へ 来ましたか。
Itsu nihon e kimashitaka?
When did you come to Japan?

… 3月25日に 来ました。
… I came on March 25th.

いつ広島へ いきますか。
itsu hiroshima e ikimasuka?
When will you go to Hiroshima?

… 来週 いきます。
…raishuu ikimasu
… I’ll go there next week.

6. S よ
よ is placed at the end of a sentence. It is used to emphasize information which the listener does not know, or to show that you are giving your judgement or views assertively.

A. この 電車は 甲子園 (こうしえん: name of a town near Osaka) へ 行きますか。
kono densha wa koushien e ikimasuka?
Does this train go to Koshien?

B. … いいえ、行きません。次の 普通ですよ。
… iie ikimasen tsugi no futsu desu yo.
… No, it doesn’t. The next local train does.